Wheel of Fortune: Riding the Archetype Spectrum

This week marks my fourth piece on deck archetypes, and it looks to be the most fun. Digging for specific answers with Serum Visions has taught me to be goal-oriented in other areas of my life. So with the basics laid out, we’ll focus on my favorite part of the theorizing process: application!

Wheel-Of-Fortune art
We all know I can’t go one week without at least referencing a Draw 7!

(This article is the fourth in a series on Modern archetypes and deck categorization. If you haven’t read parts onetwo, and three, check them out first!)

The Wiser Mage

“The Wiser Mage?” More like the counter-clock-wiser mage, since that’s the direction wise players move on the archetype spectrum wheel! Consider this diagram from last week, now enhanced with pink and gold (but still hideous):

archetype wheel - gold pink grow folk moon jund

The pink lines and dots represent specific Tempo decks, and the gold ones represent Midrange decks. We’ll look at sideboarding decisions for two different matches: Monkey Grow (Temur Delver) vs. Merfolk, and Jund vs. Blue Moon. In this article, I use Aggro-Control hybrid archetypes (Tempo and Midrange) to explore the many options these decks have, and omit Combo decks, which frequently inhabit another axis entirely*.

The lists here are stock, and relatively recent; I by no means consider the builds of the decks (or the decks themselves) tournament viable (looking at you, Blue Moon!). I’ve chosen these lists because they do a straightforward job of representing their archetypes, which should help readers understand the theory and apply it to other decks and matchups.

*In general, the blue-line Tempo decks beat up on unfair strategies, including Combo, while the green-line Midrange decks beat up on fair strategies, including Tempo and Aggro decks.

Pink: Monkey Grow vs. Merfolk

Merfolk runs upwards of 20-something threats, and registers on the blue line closer to the red Aggro dot than to the black Control dot. As such, it has natural game against Grow decks, which give up some aggression for permission elements. Here are the lists:

Monkey Grow, by Jordan Boisvert (SCG Premier IQ Worcester 5/2015, 1st place

Creatures (14)
Hooting Mandrills
Tarmogoyf
Delver of Secrets
Snapcaster Mage

Instants/Sorceries (27)
Disrupting Shoal
Gitaxian Probe
Serum Visions
Lightning Bolt
Thought Scour
Stubborn Denial
Mana Leak
Simic Charm

Other Spells (2)
Curiosity

Lands (17)
Scalding Tarn
Misty Rainforest
Island
Steam Vents
Wooded Foothills
Breeding Pool
Stomping Ground
Forest
Sideboard (15)
Simic Charm
Dismember
Huntmaster of the Fells
Blood Moon
Ancient Grudge
Vapor Snag
Flashfreeze
Destructive Revelry
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Merfolk, by Hunter Nance (SCG Open Charlotte 8/2015, 2nd place

Creatures (29)
Lord of Atlantis
Silvergill Adept
Cursecatcher
Master of the Pearl Trident
Harbinger of the Tides
Master of Waves
Merrow Reejerey
Kira, Great Glass-Spinner

Instants/Sorceries (4)
Dismember
Spell Pierce

Other Spells (8)
Æther Vial
Spreading Seas

Lands (19)
11 Island
Mutavault
Cavern of Souls
Oboro, Palace in the Clouds
Minamo, School at Water’s Edge
Sideboard (15)
Dismember
Spell Pierce
Hibernation
Unified Will
Tidebinder Mage
Spellskite
Relic of Progenitus
Dispel
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Assuming both decks play out their standard gameplans, Merfolk will beat Monkey Grow nearly every time. To succeed in this matchup, the Delver deck needs to reposition itself on the archetype spectrum. In a perfect world, it moves counter-clockwise enough to pass the Fish dot; otherwise, crossing over to the green Midrange line should put the ‘Folk in their place. Look at this opener:

Delver of Secrets
Hooting Mandrills
Disrupting Shoal
Snapcaster Mage
Serum Visions
Thought Scour
Scalding Tarn

With these seven cards, Monkey Grow can out-aggress Merfolk, playing closer to the red dot to come out victorious. A possible turn-by-turn:

DelverTurn 1: Delver of Secrets
Turn 2: Thought Scour, Gitaxian Probe, Hooting Mandrills (if we’ve found a second land), Shoal the Lord (exiling Snapcaster Mage)
Turn 3: Hooting Mandrills (if we didn’t cast him last turn)

By the third turn, Monkey Grow has drawn at least four new cards, so the lines become muddled after that. But this opener definitely affords pilots the possibility of playing aggressively. The free disruption from Disrupting Shoal helps ensure that Merfolk can’t race seven evasive points of damage.

Another option for Monkey Grow, opener depending as always, is to play a Midrange game against Merfolk. A draw well-suited to the task:

Tarmogoyf
Lightning Bolt
Stubborn Denial
Hooting Mandrills
Serum Visions
Misty Rainforest
Island

This hand can wall attackers and deal with Islandwalk-givers, and has the tools to start applying pressure with a board stall set in place. However, as a dedicated Tempo deck Grow’s Midrange options are significantly hindered pre-board. That opens the archetype up to beatings from a plethora of more aggressive decks, among them Merfolk, Zoo, and Hatebears. This was my sideboard plan against Merfolk for the StarCityGames IQ:

In:
4 Huntmaster of the Fells
2 Ancient Grudge
2 Destructive Revelry
1 Vapor Snag
1 Simic Charm
1 Dismember

Out:
4 Thought Scour
3 Mana Leak
2 Stubborn Denial
2 Curiosity

With a combined total of just 18 threats in the 75, “going Aggro” against Merfolk isn’t as viable an option as going Midrange. This sideboard plan transforms Monkey Grow into a Midrange deck. Cards that punish unfair/high-curve decks, like Mana Leak and Stubborn Denial, come out for haymakers like Huntmaster of the Fells, who can eat the whole board once a little disruption has rendered Merfolk unable to secure instant wins with huge, Islandwalking armadas. The deck ends up close to the green Rock Control (Grixis) dot on the archetype spectrum, practically undergoing a 180° transformation to turn an unfavorable matchup into a good one (green-line decks generally have the edge against blue-line ones). We end up with something like this, indicating Monkey Grow’s dominance post-board:

post-board tempo

Merfolk’s game one plan won’t do it many favors against the newly assembled Huntmaster deck. Against a green-line Midrange deck like Huntmaster RUG, Merfolk wants to get as far away from the blue line as possible. With all their creatures, the fish simply don’t have the tools to approach the black Control dot that would trounce Control Rock. Their best bet is to get even lower to the ground and closer to the red Aggro dot, cutting cards like Spreading Seas for additional threats. I want to remove all of Merfolk’s threats, and an increase in threat density across the table complicates my doing so. I win most of my Merfolk matchups with this deck, since Merfolk players (most players?) aren’t very familiar with Monkey Grow and sideboard incorrectly. But those that correctly anticipate my switch to Midrange can tempo me out.

Gold: Jund vs. Blue Moon

Here’s another example on the diagram: the Jund (Aggro Rock) and Blue Moon (Control/Control Rock) matchup. See the lists below:

Jund, by Joseph Herrera (SCG Charlotte Open 8/2015, 1st place)

Creatures (13)
Dark Confidant
Tarmogoyf
Scavenging Ooze
Tasigur, the Golden Fang
Abbot of Keral Keep

Instants/Sorceries (19)
Terminate
Lightning Bolt
Thoughtseize
Inquisition of Kozilek
Abrupt Decay
Maelstrom Pulse
Kolaghan’s Command

Other Spells (4)
Liliana of the Veil

Lands (24)
Blackcleave Cliffs
Verdant Catacombs
Raging Ravine
Bloodstained Mire
Swamp
Wooded Foothills
Stomping Ground
Overgrown Tomb
Blood Crypt
Ghost Quarter
Twilight Mire
Forest
Sideboard (15)
Abrupt Decay
Anger of the Gods
Shatterstorm
Damnation
Olivia Voldaren
Ancient Grudge
Kitchen Finks
Fulminator Mage
Nihil Spellbomb
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Blue Moon, by Liberolabie18 (MTGO Daily 4/2015, 4-0)

Creatures (6)
Snapcaster Mage
Vendilion Clique
Keranos, God of Storms

Instant/Sorcery (23)
Serum Visions
Lightning Bolt
Remand
Cryptic Command
Mana Leak
Electrolyze
Shadow of Doubt
Spell Snare

Spells (9)
Blood Moon
Spreading Seas
Vedalken Shackles
Monastery Siege
Batterskull

Lands (22)
Island
Scalding Tarn
Polluted Delta
Steam Vents
Sulfur Falls
Mountain
Sideboard (15)
Anger of the Gods
Vandalblast
Spellskite
Sower of Temptation
Roast
Rending Volley
Jace, Architect of Thought
Dispel
Counterflux
Izzet Staticaster
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On the Midrange side of things, we can see Blue Moon comes “before” Jund on our archetype clock. Jund often aspires to the late game but more controlling decks are built to dominate it. To beat Blue Moon game one, Jund needs to position itself somewhere else on the archetype wheel. Ideally, it would sit just before the black Control dot, finding itself on the blue Tempo line instead of the green Midrange one. While Midrange aims to disrupt then apply pressure, Tempo applies its pressure first and then disrupts opponents. These types of decks, as indicated by their location on the archetype wheel, can easily get under hardcore Control strategies. Even though Blue Moon classifies as a Midrange deck, it’s controlling enough to fall prey to competent Tempo plans. A decent “Tempo draw” for Jund in this matchup might look like this:

Inquisition of Kozilek
Tarmogoyf
Tarmogoyf
Lightning Bolt
Abrupt Decay
Verdant Catacombs
Blood Crypt

With this hand, Jund can take a pretty simple line to victory against Blue Moon. When deciding whether to keep a hand, I generally ask myself how many plays I can make with just the cards I open, and whether those plays are relevant in the matchup. Even assuming dead draws for the rest of the game, the following sequence seems very appealing to me:

TarmogoyfTurn 1: Inquisition of Kozilek
Turn 2: Tarmogoyf
Turn 3: Tarmogoyf
Turn 4: Abrupt Decay/Lightning Bolt

Naturally, the best Tempo tools elude Jund pilots: there’s no Mana Leak or Stubborn Denial in Golgari colors! Still, Tarmogoyf is a perfect early threat against Blue Moon, since he’s hard for that deck to interact with. Decay and Bolt are strong disruption pieces that come down after the Goyfs begin their assault to mess with Vedalken Shackles, Sower of Temptation, or whatever else Blue Moon might employ to quell the beats.

Sure, double Goyf into disruption beats Blue Moon. But Jund can’t open a “Tempo draw” every game. Sometimes, Jund draws hands like these:

Dark Confidant
Kolaghan’s Command
Lightning Bolt
Thoughtseize
Treetop Village
Verdant Catacombs
Bloodstained Mire

This draw might crush Aggro decks, but it doesn’t stand a chance against Blue Moon. Looking back at the spectrum, it plants Jund firmly on the green Rock dot, a position predated by the more controlling Blue Moon. While an unanswered Confidant can provide a stream of cards, he’s unlikely to survive against a Bolt-Snap-Bolt-Electrolyze deck. When two Midrange decks draw openers encouraging them to trade cards with opponents, the clockwise rule can be observed in full, and whoever comes first in the circle gains a huge advantage.

Jund has another viable option against Blue Moon in game one – it can play very aggressively, moving forward on the spectrum towards the red dot. Take a threat-heavy hand like this one:

Tarmogoyf
Dark Confidant
Kolaghan’s Command
Huntmaster of the Fells
Raging Ravine
Overgrown Tomb
Forest

If Jund moves towards the red dot, it also moves further away from the Blue Moon deck on the spectrum. Sure, it’s not getting behind Blue Moon, but at least it’s not directly in front of it. I’d say Blue Moon still has the edge in this game, but Jund will do a lot better than with the previous hand, since this time it can operate organically as an Aggro deck. Blue Moon’s on-curve Keranos, God of Storms means much less if it requires tapping out at 8 life when Jund has a creature, a manland, and who knows how many Lightning Bolts.

The second Jund hand also has a little bit of play to it. Pilots could cast Goyf, Confidant, Command, and Huntmaster on-curve before animating Ravine on turn five. Against more aggressive decks, Jund would Kolaghans Commandprobably prefer to play its hand out like this: Goyf, Kolghan’s Command, Huntmaster of the Fells, Dark Confidant (+ Treetop as a blocker). But against Blue Moon, Jund might even (barring a telegrtempoaphed Lightning Bolt) attack with Treetop Village on turn three. This approach lets Kolghan’s Command double as a virtual “extra threat,” bringing back deceased beaters when Jund starts to run out of steam. It also affords Jund extra points of damage. BGx isn’t a deck that usually likes trading mana or cards for damage early on. Still, playing things slow does little for it here, since Blue Moon stands to gain more from drawn-out games – Keranos will actually beat Jund players who don’t frontload enough pressure.

When it comes to sideboarding, Jund tries improving the odds of opening a hand that allows it to play Aggro or Tempo. Kolaghan’s Command becomes more valuable here, since it combines with Fulminator Mage to provide Jund with a potent mana denial angle. Tempo traditionally wields mana denial better than other archetypes (see Canadian Threshold), so the Command-Mage engine should drastically improve Jund’s Tempo plan in this matchup. Late-game trumps can work, but Jund pilots shouldn’t rely too heavily on these options, since Blue Moon usually outperforms BGx in the late-game. That gives us a new wheel, which clearly favors Jund:

post-board midrange

Spectrum Fluidity

We talked about the possible lines with Jund’s “Aggro” draw against Blue Moon. The sheer variety of possible play options Jund boasts, even with standard openers as shown, explains its unquestioned Twinstrength in Modern. The same can be said of Twin. Decks with cards as flexible as Jund’s and Twin’s (among them, versatility lynchpin Lightning Bolt) can play a host of roles depending on the matchup, and by extension, move the largest distance forwards and backwards on the archetype circle. More linear decks like Mono Green Stompy, Burn, and Ad Nauseam might do well in certain metagames, but they have trouble shifting locations on the archetype spectrum. Moving fluently around the circle, an ability almost entirely exclusive to Twin in Modern, gives a deck immeasurable adaptability – and with it, viability. I call this ability spectrum fluidity. Taking a look at the diagrams above, Merfolk and Blue Moon obviously have less spectrum fluidity than Monkey Grow and Jund. In this case, like in many others, the decks with higher spectrum fluidity become favored after siding.

Going into open metagames, decks with high spectrum fluidity almost always make decent choices. That’s why so many pros favor Jund and Twin at big-ticket events. Linear decks tend to have low spectrum fluidity. If you’re planning on playing Burn or Infect at GP Oklahoma City, your focused strategy will toss you some free wins. But those come at the cost of ceding a fighting chance to better-rounded decks that draw their disruption.

Eyes on the Prize

I’ll close by reiterating the lesson from my pal Serum Visions. Being goal-oriented is key to using the archetype spectrum wheel to your advantage. Players who visualize the wheel and can adequately gauge the section their opponents play on can make optimal choices both during and between games.

Jordan is the copy editor at Modern Nexus. He has played Magic since 2003, and Modern since its inception. A devoted theorist, he always brings tuned brews to events. Jordan favors card efficiency over raw power and specializes in disruptive aggro strategies.

7 thoughts on “Wheel of Fortune: Riding the Archetype Spectrum

  1. I like the idea of this article and I think your axes are well defined, but I have some quibbles regarding the Grow v. Fish matchup. I’m wondering what exactly Merfolk players sideboard against you to make you consider them more of an aggro deck post-board. Personally, if I see the likes of Goyf and Mandrills in a Delver shell, I’m going heavy on the control side – Tidebinder Mage to control those green creatures, Kira (and possibly Spellskite) to ward off removal, as well as Chalice of the Void to stuff all that 1-mana cantrip spam. Spreading Seas goes to the board because you already have Islands, Harbinger of the Tides goes to the board because Tidebinder’s effect is better, and Spell Pierce goes to the board because Chalice will have a more consistent impact. That may result in more creatures in your 60, but I wouldn’t say the deck is more of an aggro deck because of it.

    1. Actually, I don’t think they side properly against me, as I said in the article. If they moved closer to the red dot by increasing their threat density (with Harbingers, Tidebinders, etc.) the post-board matchup wouldn’t be such a cakewalk for my Huntmasters. I’m just saying that that’s how they SHOULD side in the matchup.

      I usually see a lot of Skite and Kira from them, which matches the description of how you’d board. This sideboard plan never works against Monkey Grow. We have plenty of artifact removal post-board, so Skite is horrible, and Kira opens Merfolk up to Pyroclasm blowouts (unless I need to, I’ll save Pyro for her). Chalice also doesn’t bother us much since we have interaction for it and it gives us more time to get Huntmaster online. Plus, we run significantly less one-drops post-board.

      1. I would disagree with your notion that Kite is bad, because even if artifact hate comes in, anything that targets it usually can’t take Chalice or AEther Vial along with it. A Kite dying to hate in place of those isn’t a terrible outcome, and it combos well with Kira. Pyroclasm also isn’t too concerning as a Merfolk deck, since it’s quite easy to hold Cursecatchers up for it and/or get your Lords to the point where 2 damage only kills Kira. All in all, I’ve never really had problems with any deck that runs Islands as Merfolk, and Delver is no exception.

  2. Hmm, yeah, not sure I’d say the Merfolk deck is explicitly going more aggro unless going heavy tempo counts? With the deck you gave as an example, I’d do the following games 2 and 3:

    REMOVE 4 Spreading Seas + 2 Spell Pierce + 2 Reejerey. Seas doesn’t do enough as Roland mentioned, since you already run Islands. Spell Pierce really only cares about removal and dispel is better for that anyway. Reejerey just usually gets cut to make room for better stuff.

    ADD 3 Tidebinder + 2 Relic, + 1 Dismemeber + 2 Dispel. Tidebinder is just an auto include against any deck looking to swing with green or red creatures, as it’s a classic 2 for 1 if not removed. Relic goes in against pretty much any deck it’s relevant against it because it can have an impact and be easily cycled. Dismember hits all your creatures (including the dreaded hunt master) and dispel is great at protecting high value creatures (usually lords).

    So really the deck just cuts chaff to become more responsive, the goal being to kill or bounce the opponent’s creatures and counter the odd threat to buy yourself time to build a board state and swing for lethal. Honestly, the preboard Merfolk is already pretty aggro so it’s very difficult to go even further down that path.

    I might be missing something here though. Would you consider that sideboard more aggro? Is that how you would sideboard as fish?

    1. I was just writing how I think ‘Folk decks should sideboard against Monkey. In the article I state that most of them don’t side this way and the matchup becomes very easy for me as a result. This article is more about theory and the ‘Folk thing was just an example; it’s not a Merfolk vs. Monkey Grow primer.

    1. Luckily, you don’t have to:

      “In this article, I use Aggro-Control hybrid archetypes (Tempo and Midrange) to explore the many options these decks have, and omit Combo decks, which frequently inhabit another axis entirely.”

      I also explained that Combo was on a different wheel in my last article.

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